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John Pugh Smith profile picture 2023

John Pugh-Smith

“Always alert to the commercial side of a client’s case.” The Legal 500

John’s practice is now divided between acting as retained counsel dealing with town and country planning matters, with related environmental, real estate and local government work, and his increasing appointments as an experienced alternative dispute adviser and resolver in his various roles as an arbitrator, independent expert and mediator. As an active promoter of conflict resolution, particularly in the public sector, he has been one of the specialist advisers to the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Alternative Dispute Resolution, a former Design Council Expert (in which capacity he acted as a member of its Highways England Design Review Panel) and the co-ordinator of the Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities’ Pathfinder Mediation Initiative. He continues to serve on several professional committees and is a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators. John receives regular appointments from the President of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) in respect of arbitration, expert determination and mediation on all non-rent review matters though with a focus on development related disputes. He also welcomes direct instructions and appointments.

Areas of expertise

Alternative Dispute Resolution

In his role as an alternative dispute resolution (ADR) “neutral”, John acts an arbitrator, independent expert determiner and mediator. He became a CEDR accredited mediator in 2005 and completed advanced mediator training courses in 2007 and 2018. He was also elected to Fellowship of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators in 2018. He is a member of the RICS President’s panel of arbitrators, independent experts and mediators through which he receives regular appointments. He is also a recommended member on the panel for the Association of Northern Mediators and works in association with CIArb’s Dispute Appointments Service.

Sub-Areas of Expertise

  • Arbitration - John’s arbitration appointments tend to revolve around disputes dealing with the development of land and property including interpretation of obligations under section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990, the affordable housing “cascade” mechanism for a high-end residential development and a fee dispute concerning the obtaining of planning permission.
  • Expert Determination -  John’s expert appointments tend to revolve around disputes dealing with the development of land and property including the interpretation of section 106s, development and promotion agreements, and, repairing obligations. He has also acted as a legal adviser and co-expert, on a multi-million pound scheme for the undergrounding of high-voltage overhead power lines across a proposed residential development site.
  • Mediation - John’s mediation work has involved and continues to concern disputes relating to a diverse range of issues including breach of contract, professional indemnity, property, personal injury, planning, community, compensation, environmental damage and religious differences. He is particularly known and receives regular appointments revolving around disputes involving planning and compulsory purchase order (CPO) matters. 

Energy and Natural Resources

John’s involvement with issues concerning energy and natural resources arises from his ADR and planning practices, particularly renewables and mineral extraction. 

Sub-areas of expertise

  • Electricity - John has advised on several wind and solar projects. He also acts as a legal adviser and co-expert including, currently, on a multi-million pound scheme for the undergrounding of high-voltage overhead power lines.
  • Mining - John’s more contentious inquiries have included a new block-making factory, peat extraction, sand extraction in an Area of Outstanding Beauty (AONB) and major enforcement proceedings concerning the claimed lawful resumption of mineral extraction.
  • Renewables - John has advised and represented promoters and objectors on several wind and solar projects. 

Environment

John’s environmental work overlaps with his ADR and planning practices. He has particular expertise in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) issues. His project involvement has also covered waste management and contaminated land issues. He has particular experience with nature conservation issues involving European protected sites and species in addition to his authorship of that subject chapter for Oxford University Press’s "Environmental Law" textbook.

Sub-areas of expertise

  • Alternative dispute resolution (Environment) - John’s appointments, whether as an arbitrator, independent expert or mediator tend to revolve around disputes dealing with the development of land and property. In the environmental context, these have embraced habitats, flooding, land contamination, enforcement and compensation issues but also professional negligence. He has also acted as a legal adviser and co-expert, including on a multi-million pound scheme for the undergrounding of high-voltage overhead power lines.
  • Biodiversity and habitats - John’s involvement with biodiversity and nature conservation issues arises principally through his ADR and planning practices. His historic knowledge was extended both by his authorship of that subject chapter for Oxford University Press’s "Environmental Law" textbook as well as dealing with contentious mineral and housing proposals.
  • Clean energy and technologies - John has advised on several wind and solar projects both for the promoter and objectors.
  • Environmental assessment - John’s expertise with EIA issues arises both from strategic project involvement with housing, education, institutional and commercial development as advisory counsel and as representing counsel in judicial review proceedings. 

Planning and Property

John is regarded highly as a leading practitioner with long-experience in dealing with a variety of knotty planning issues, particularly now concerning section 106s. With residential development, he is currently acting on a variety of strategic schemes with attendant forward planning and development management implications. He regularly has to address affordable housing and viability considerations. From working with several operators over many years, John has also gained particular expertise in the retirement sector in respect of sheltered housing, assisted living and care home developments. He has also dealt with several education related projects.

Sub-areas of expertise

  • Alternative Dispute Resolution (Planning and Property)  - John’s appointments, whether as an arbitrator, independent expert or mediator tend to revolve around disputes dealing with the development of land and property. These have embraced the interpretation of section 106s, high-end development agreements, repairing obligations, planning enforcement, professional negligence and fee disputes and CPO compensation issues. He has also acted as a legal adviser and co-expert on a multi-million pound scheme for the undergrounding of high-voltage overhead power lines.
  • Art and cultural property - Both as a practising barrister and as a neutral dispute resolver John’s practice embraces cultural heritage and ecclesiastical matters. He is also one of the Design Council’s Experts and a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, the latter arising out of his co-authorship of the seminal work Archaeology in Law (Sweet & Maxwell) and other related articles.
  • Compulsory purchase and compensation - John has advised and acted for acquiring authorities and objectors, most notably for Gloucester City Council on the Blackfriars city centre redevelopment project. His other public inquiry appearances have included, for Arcelor Mittal, as the leading landowner objector to TFL’s East London Transit Barking Riverside CPO, for Pinemill as the lead landowner objector to the Waterside Regeneration Area CPO, Leicester, and, for PA Freight Services, the lead objector at the A46 highway improvements supplementary orders public inquiry (Newark). He also acted for Caerphilly County Borough Council on the outstanding compensation aspects of the A469 Lower Rhymney Valley Relief Road in the High Court.

    His increasingly active ADR practice has involved several Upper Tribunal (Lands Chamber) references taken to mediation including certificates of appropriate alternative development (CAAD) appeal and compensation references. He also presented a paper on the use of ADR in compensation disputes at the CPA’s Annual Conference 2021. 
  • High Court planning challenges - While a necessary part of John’s historic planning practice, he is also particularly noted for his robust advice on merits and strategic approach towards the successful resolution of projects without full recourse to litigation.
  • Planning policymaking - John has advised several local planning authorities over the years on the formulation of their statutory development plans. He has also represented objectors at examinations and continues to provide strategic and tactical advice.
  • Planning applications - John is particularly noted for his strategic approach towards the “de-risking” and successful resolution of projects.
  • Planning appeals, hearings and inquiries - While a necessary part of John’s historic planning practice, he is particularly noted for his strategic approach towards the successful resolution of projects without full recourse to the appeals process. 
  • Planning enforcement - While a necessary part of John’s historic planning practice, he is particularly noted for his strategic approach towards the successful resolution of disputes without full recourse to the appeals process. He is also the co-ordinator of DLUHC’s Pathfinder Mediation Initiative. 

Recommendations

  • “He gets to the nub of the issue quickly and with ease. He is also extremely well versed in providing good, commercial advice.” “He has a consultative advocacy style and is very diplomatic and wants to achieve the best outcome to gain a win-win situation.” Chambers and Partners
  • “He is very experienced: he is very realistic about litigation and gives clients an honest view. He is approachable, friendly and knowledgeable, and fun to work with too.” “He is always alert to the commercial side of a client’s case. He responds both comprehensively and within the appropriate time scale.” Chambers and Partners
  • “He’s a seasoned hand and a very experienced practitioner, who is very good at all aspects of litigation and judicial review work, and a very good negotiator to boot. He’s someone you could use for any situation – he’s very much an all-rounder.” “A great drafter who provides excellent strategic advice.” Chambers and Partners
  • “Approachable and calm. As safe a pair of hands as you’d expect from such an experienced practitioner.” “Really good with clients: he’s not afraid of taking the bull by the horns and getting to the facts, giving the right advice even if he thinks that advice will be unpopular.” Chambers and Partners 
  • “He is very personable and has a very good rapport with clients.” The Legal 500 
  • “A commercial and astute practitioner.” The Legal 500 
  • “‘Able practitioner, John Pugh-Smith, doesn’t get as much credit as he deserves” Chambers and Partners
  • “A safe pair of hands.” Chambers and Partners
  • “User-friendly and making a tremendous effort for his client.” Chambers and Partners