This article was originally published in Sans Frontières, the bi-annual newsletter of SJ Berwin’s International Arbitration Group in March 2005.
“The 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (the Convention) is one of the most important international treaties in contemporary international law. Its lengthy text, consisting of 320 articles plus nine annexes, deals with a range of issues of vital economic importance to many States that had been left unregulated, or had been insufficiently regulated, in the previous 1958 Conventions on the Law of the Sea. Negotiations leading to its adoption lasted a marathon nine years (1973-1982), and its coming into force had to await another 12 years (November 1994), following its 60th ratification. Today, following the recent 10th anniversary of its entry into force, some 148 States are parties…”